By Terry L. Erwin
A synthesis of the type, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) living within the Western Hemisphere. below every one taxon account, the ancient nomenclature, distribution on the kingdom and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal prevalence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately entire bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle comprise the next: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a common altitudinal class, habitat/microhabitat information, seasonality, and lower than habit notes on diel task, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are awarded. info of dispersal strength, or the aptitude of dispersal, i.e. wing , flight facts, jogging, operating, burrowing and mountain climbing documents, so far as is understood is integrated. Species brought are famous with their possible zone of foundation. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity better half to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), could be an vital software for anyone attracted to ground-beetles in step with se and their typical historical past, in addition to their function within the surroundings and significance to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, neighborhood, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used as a result remarkable quantity of data that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the class of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up-to-date on a six month cycle by means of Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).
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Additional info for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day. 50 | A TREATISE ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE CARABOIDEA. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) Nebria (Reductonebria) zioni zioni Van Dyke 1943 ZION GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria zioni Van Dyke, 1943:20 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – UT. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to mountains, often in canyons, 1360 – 3120 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: On brook margins. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running.
DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Macropterous, probably capable of flight. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in May – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under stones or drift. Adults hibernate. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) SPECIES ACCOUNTS / CARABIDAE | 33 Nebria (Catonebria) gebleri rathvoni LeConte 1853 RATHVON’S GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria Rathvoni LeConte, 1853:400 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – CA, NV. Way of Life: M ACROHABITAT : Midlands to mountains, 910 – 3200 meters altitude.
G. Pinus); forest clearings and roadsides. MICROHABITAT: At Plummers Island, Maryland, adults were found in moss and deep leaf litter near damp places in deciduous woods, especially near the Trail Pond. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Macropterous, adults occasionally found at lights at night. Climbers on the bases of trees. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in January – December. BEHAVIOR: Adults are mostly diurnal and active in the sunshine; they are carnivorous, probably predaceous on small arthropods and were recorded feeding on lepidopterous larvae.