By James A. Hall
Perfect for figuring out the accounting info platforms and comparable applied sciences you will use on your enterprise profession, Hall's ACCOUNTING info structures, seventh variation comprises an emphasis on ethics, fraud, and the fashionable production surroundings. The booklet makes a speciality of the desires and obligations of accountants as finish clients of platforms, platforms designers, and auditors. This variation presents whole built-in assurance of Sarbanes-Oxley because it results inner controls and different suitable subject matters laid low with this laws, in addition to reorganized dialogue of transaction cycles that make the stability among guide- and computer-based structures extra obvious.
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Additional resources for Accounting Information Systems, 7th Edition
Data are facts, which may or may not be processed (edited, summarized, or refined) and have no direct effect on the user. By contrast, information causes the user to take an action that he or she otherwise could not, or would not, have taken. Information is often defined simply as processed data. This is an inadequate definition. Information is determined by the effect it has on the user, not by its physical form. For example, a purchasing agent receives a daily report listing raw material inventory items that are at low levels.
This is a convenient way of representing, viewing, and understanding the relationships among subsystems. By decomposing a system, we can present the overall system as a hierarchy and view the relationships between subordinate and higher-level subsystems. Each subordinate subsystem performs one or more specific functions to help achieve the overall objective of the higher-level system. Figure 1-2 shows an automobile decomposed into four primary subsystems: the fuel subsystem, the propulsion subsystem, the electrical subsystem, and the braking subsystem.
SOX legislation requires that management design and implement internal controls over the entire financial reporting process. This includes the financial reporting system, the general ledger system, and the transaction processing systems that supply the data for financial reporting. SOX further requires that management certify these controls and that the external auditors express an opinion on control effectiveness. Because of the highly integrative nature of modern information systems, management and auditors need a conceptual view of the information system that distinguishes key processes and areas of risk and legal responsibility from the other (nonlegally binding) aspects of the system.